Purulia Municipality


At A Glance

District Profile :
Demographic Features"
As per 2001 census total population of the district is 2535516, out of which 89.93 % are residing in rural areas and 10.07% are in urban areas. About 51.18 % of the populations are males and 48.82% are female. The percentage of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes are 18.29% and 18.27%.
 Total no of BPL families in rural areas of this district are 197381 (43.65 %). Out of which SC families are 40645 (20.59 %) and ST families are 47666 (24.15 %). Total no. of BPL families in  Purulia and Jhalda Municipality are  2573 (11.31 %) and  571(15.98 %) respectively.
1991 Census % 2001 Census %
Total Population 2224577 2536516
Male Population 1142771 51.37 1298078 51.18
Female Population 1081806 48.63 1238438 48.82
Rural Population 2014571 90.56 2281090 89.93
Urban Population 210006 9.44 255426 10.07
Scheduled Caste 430513 19.35 463956 18.29
Scheduled Tribe 427765 19.23 463452 18.27
Sex Ratio 427765 19.23 463452 18.27
Population Density (per sq. km.) 355 405
Decadal Growth Rate 20.00 14.02
(1981-91) (19991-2001)
Occupation Distribution
Main working class has been decreased from 35.35 % in 1991 to 25.43 % in 2001 census whereas Marginal working class has been increased from 7.8 % in 1991 to 19.03 % in 2001 census. Cultivators have been shifted to other working classes.

1991 Census % 2001 Census %
1. Main Worker 786425 35.35 644748 25.43
A. Cultivators 389186 40.54 352104 31.24
B. Agri. Labours 200205 20.85 406835 36.09
C. H.H. Industry 21768 2.77 83633 7.42
D. Other Workers 175266 22.28 284584 25.25
C. H.H. Industry 21768 2.77 83633 7.42
Marginal Workers 173539 7.8 482408 19.03
3. Non Workers 1264613 56.85 1408077 55.54

Note:   In 1991 census cultivators, agri. labours etc were included in main worker group and marginal workers were enumerated separately. But in 2001 census cultivators, agri. labours etc were enumerated either in main worker or in marginal worker group.  So no. of  marginal workers, agri. labours, hh industry worker etc were comparatively higher  than 1991.
Cultivation of this district is predominantly monocropped. About 60 % of the total cultivated land is upland. Out of the total agricultural holding about 73 % belongs to small and marginal farmers having scattered and fragmented smallholding. Paddy is the primary crop of the district. 50% of the total land is under net-cropped area and only 17% of the net cropped area is under multi crop cultivation. 77% of the net-cropped area is under Aman paddy cultivation. The crops are grown mostly under rainfed condition, generally with low fertilizer consumption per unit area Thus per hec. production is also low as compared to other district of West Bengal.
The production of fish in this district is not much encouraging though a large no. of tanks both under Govt. & Private sector are there. If these tanks are utilised properly for Pisciculture and Duck rearing the production of fish as well as eggs will be increased to a considerable extent thereby increasing the scope of income & employment to the rural people. Total inland area of the district is 71,255 hec.. So, there is an ample possibility to bring more area under efficient pisciculture.

The details of cultural area covering Govt. and private Tanks are given below

Private Culturable water area - 37753.26 Ha.
Vested tank water area - 9223.24 Ha. Dam and Reservoir - 3039.10 Ha. Departmental Tank - 62.40 Ha. Total 1419.10 Ha. water area covered during last three years for pisciculture through distribution of minikit, production of fry/fingerlings, demonstration centre on table fish production, supply of fishing nets and requisits, infrastructural facilities as fishermen village road, community hall, housing etc. and development of different fishermen co-operative sector through pisciculture, training etc. Total 6,807 fishermen were benefited.
Irrigation There is altogether 32 Nos. of medium irrigation Schemes (17 under Purulia Irrigation Divn., 6 under Construction Divn and 9 under Investigation & Planning Divn. ) in this district. Out of these 32 Schemes, 23 are completed and 9 are in various stages of execution. Four new schemes Karru,Dambera,Dudhiajore and Horai are programmed for execution during the 10th  Plan.     of northeast. As per Remote sensing data the forest cover of this district is increasing compare to its past status. The extensive farm and social forestry plantation programs might have contributed in a big way to the increase in the forest cover. Forest types Purulia district as per Satellite Imagery data (IRS-IB LISS II Dec. 1994) are shown below:
Mixed Dense Forest
Sl. No. Name of the class Area ( Sq. km.) Percentage to the total area of the district
1 Dense Sal Forest 37.98 0.61
2 Mixed Dense Forest 141.97 2.27
3 Open Sal Forest 112.27 1.80
4 Mixed Open Forest 762.837 12.20
5 Plantationt 124.45 1.98
6 Degraded Forest 677.76 10.83
TOTAL 1857.26 29.69


Sl. No. Name of the class Area ( Sq. km.) Percentage to the total area of the district
5.1 Name of Town Purulia
5.1.1 District Purulia
5.1.2 State West Bengal
5.2 Administrative Status District Town
5.2.1 Government Offices Located in the Town District Magistrate Office & Court
District Judges Court S.D.O. (East) & S.D.O. (West) and also 68 Government Offices T.D.M. Office of (B.S.N.L.)
5.2.2 Type of Local Body and year of establishment Purulia Municipality, Establish in 1876
5.3 Location Town Map (Enclosed for ready Reference)
5.3.1 If situated on a S.H. / N.H. N.H.-32 passes over the heart pf the town and linked with the State of Jharkand and N.H.-32A also passes for a diversion of Traffic towards Kolkata and S.H.
passes heart of the town and connects with N.H. and Coal mines belt.
5.3.2 Names of nearest important Town / City and the distance Jamshedpur, Bokharo, Ranchi Asansol with Km. of 80
5.3.2 Names of nearest important Town / City and the distance Jamshedpur, Bokharo, Ranchi Asansol with Km. of 80
5.3.3 i) Name of the other town within a 10 miles radius
ii) Indicate No. of villages served by the town or from which people visit the town for social and economic reasons
Villages – 2659 Nos. per 1991 Census) People from Bokharo, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad came here for economic and social reasons. Mouza 1925 nos.
5.4.1 i) Number of Post Offices in the town -Frequency of Postal delivery - Frequency of Mail Clearance -
ii) Number of telegraph Offices
7 nos. One Time daily One Time daily
1 no.
5.4.2 Name of the daily news papers usually available in the town with the language Bengali: - Anandabazar, Bartaman, Aajkal, Pratidin, Ganashakti. English: - Amritbazar, Statesman, Times of India, Asian Age. Hindi :- Sangram, Vishwamitra
5.4.3 Number of Radio Sets,, T.V. Sets registered at the local post office Radio Sets – 6333 nos., T.V. Sets – 18 nos.

  Transport/ Communication :


Sl. No. Road or Truck Kutcha / Metalled or Tarred Means of Transport in use Frequency of number of such vehicles
1 N.H-32 Metalled with Bituminous surface Bus, Mini Bus, Maxi Bus and different kinds of Trucks etc.
2 N.H.-32A
3 Barakar Road (S.H.)
4 Purulia to Ranchi S.E. Railway (Broad gage) Trains (Express) 2 daily
5 Purulia to New Delhi via Bokharo Trains (Express) 2 daily
6 Tata Amritswar Trains (Express) 2 by weekly
7 Purulia –Howrah via Adra Trains (Express) 2 Daily
8 Purulia to Ranchi S.E. Railway (Broad gage) Trains (Passenger) 8 Daily
9 Dakshin Bihar Trains (Express) 8 Daily
10 Bombayr Trains (Express) 2 by Weekly
11 Chennai Trains (Express) 2 by Weekly


Industries :

Industrial Estate in or close to the town
Nil (Proposal is there)
Location within or outside municipal limits.
Year of establishment –
Number of units Established -
Do Employees stay in town or commute from adjoining areas if they come from outside the town limits, please give
Some of the employees stay in the town and some from adjacent villages. Maximum skilled workers come from outside the district.
Please from where they come with distance
Some workers come from the villages adjacent to Purulia Town within 15 Kms.
Please indicate main problems that inhabit the growth of Industrial units
Lack of entrepreneurship among people mainly due to lack of technical knowledge and experience.
Supply of labour skilled / unskilled
Inadequate supply of skilled labour sometime becomes problem in respect of some sophisticated shall scale units
Raw Materials
Inadequate supply of Raw Materials
Transport and communication shortfalls
In the Rural areas communication is a problem. In the town area transport facilities not sufficient.
Finance from Banks and Govt. are security oriented. Private Investment is not at all sufficient.
Marketing is the main problems for artisan oriented as well as for all types of small scale units.
Electric Supply :
Please indicate source of Electric supply
Local / State Electricity Board
West Bengal State Electricity Board
Is there a local sub-station if yes capacity
Yes 132 KV sub-station. The present capacity is 2X201 V.A.
Number of domestic connection:-
1. Light and Fans
8413 nos.
2. Industrial Powers
502 nos.
Existing rates of electricity :-
Domestic – 250 paise / units
Commercial – 300 paise / Unit
Industrial – 200 paise / Unit
  Trade and Cottage :

  Trade and Cottage :


5.7.1 Is there a Mandi Establishment – if yes                               No     

          I.     Date of Establishment
          II.     Location within or outside Municipal Limits
          III.     Number of Shops
          IV.     Total Area
          V.     Type of Produce with quantity handed each season
5.7.2 Municipal Markets, if any                                                     Yes
   ► Number of Markets                                                       One
   ► Number of Shops                                                          294
   ►Number of Temporary Letting                                        Nil
 5.7.3 Number of Shops in the Town                                               2,200 nos.
5.7.4  Principal items of trade in the town and approximate            Grocery, Stationery, Coal, Wood,
5.7.5  Trade links with-number of villages name of towns              
Sl. No.
Name of Banks / Branches
Number of Accounts
Volume of deposits (in Lakh)
United Bank of India – 1
Approx. 337.00
State Bank of India-1
Approx. 250.00
Central Bank of India-1
United Commercial Bank-1
Bank of Boroda-1
Punjab National Bank-1
Indian Bank-1
Allahabad Bank-1
Canara Bank-1
Mallabhum Gramin Bank-1
District Central Co-operative Bank-1

  5.8. Future Prospective :



Have you got a Master plan prepared for the town
There is no Master Plan for the Town
If yes, indicate main proposals for development
If not, indicate whether a Master Plan should be prepared and what development proposals should be included
A Master Plan should be prepared for the town. The Development Proposals should cover all the Services and facilities with major emphases on commerce, industries, water supply and transportation.